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West Gate Physical Therapy Clinic:
4585 N Hwy 7, Ste 10
Hot Springs Village, AR 71909
East Gate Physical Therapy Clinic:
24711 Hwy 5
Lonsdale, AR 72087
There are a wide variety of physical therapy treatments available to treat areas of the body that suffer from injury and/or disease. Below include some of the most common physical therapy treatments as well as some specialized treatments our Physical Therapists and Physical Therapist Assistants are certified in. Besides being used in general physical therapy, these treatments can be modified for use in the following specialty areas: geriatric, orthopedic, sports, neurology, cardiovascular, pulmonary, and pediatric.
Nearly all physical therapy involves cardiovascular and therapeutic exercise to improve a patient's flexibility, mobility, balance, strength and coordination. A physical therapist will assess your body's condition and design a specific exercise routine that will fit you and your lifestyle. Common physical therapy exercises include stretching, lifting weights, core stability exercises, water aerobics and using an array of exercise machines such as the treadmill. Usually, physical therapists will encourage their patients to increase their daily physical activities by making simple changes such as using the stairs instead of the elevator.
Manual therapy involves physical therapy treatments that are done with the hands instead of with devices or machines in order to decrease pain, increase flexibility, improve circulation and relax muscles. Massage is the process of using the hands to apply pressure to soft tissues of the body to ease pain. Mobilization improves movement in muscles, ligaments and joints by moving, twisting, pulling or pushing bones and joints into positions. Manipulation is similar to mobilization treatments except that the difference involves more forceful and faster movements to position bones and joints.
Hot and Cold Therapies
Hot therapies increase blood flow and bring nutrients to the muscles and other soft tissues in order for them to heal and relax. Physical therapists apply heat packs and gel pads directly to areas of the body that need treatment. Cold therapies in the form of ice packs can help to reduce muscle pain, spasms and inflammation by slowing down circulation in areas of the body that are injured or that suffer a disease such as arthritis. Application of ice is used to reduce swelling the first day or two after an injury and then heat is applied.
Electrical Stimulation and Ultrasound
Electrical stimulation is usually used in the initial stages of treatment so patients can pursue more active treatments sooner. Muscle stimulation machines help muscles to contract and are used to strengthen muscles after an injury. TENS (transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation) machines send small electrical pulses through the skin via electrodes being placed on the area of the body that needs treatment. Ultrasound therapy equipment sends high-pitched sound waves, which produce gental heat, to muscles to reduce spasms, inflammation and pain.
Physical therapists may use a machine that gives off a laser beam at varying frequencies and wavelengths. Depending on the settings and the amount of time the laser is applied for, it can help to repair injured tissues. It can help to increase healing and decrease pain following muscle spasms, sprains, strains, tendinitis, fractures, osteoarthritis, carpal tunnel syndrome, wounds, and many other injuries.
Traction can be used in the treatment of several conditions, including low back pain associated with lumbar disc herniation, degenerative disc disease, posterior facet syndrome, and radiculopathy. Mechanical traction is used to separate the space between the bones in the spine to help reduce swelling and neck or back pain and to promote joint movement and hydration to joint structures.
Therapists use iontophoresis to deliver a mild anti-inflammatory medication through the skin to reduce pain and swelling. The iontophoresis technique uses a small painless and harmless electrical current to move the medication.
Graston Technique therapy is an evidence-based form of manual therapy that uses stainless steel instruments to allow clinicians to effectively and efficiently address soft tissue lesions, fascial restrictions, muscle dysfunctions, and tendon dysfunctions. Graston Technique results in improved patient outcomes and restoration of pain-free movement and function. This therapy accelerates rehabilitation and recovery times which is why our therapists have obtained certifications to extend these services to our patients.
LSVT BIG Program for Parkinson' Disease
LSVT BIG trains people with Parkinson disease (PD) to use their body more normally. People living with PD or other neurological conditions often move differently, with gestures and actions that become smaller and slower. They may have trouble with getting around, getting dressed and with other activities of daily living. LSVT BIG effectively trains improved movements for any activity, whether “small motor” tasks like buttoning a shirt or “large motor” tasks like getting up from sofa or chair or maintaining balance while walking. The treatment improves walking, self-care and other tasks by helping people “recalibrate” how they perceive their movements with what others actually see. It also teaches them how and when to apply extra effort to produce bigger motions – more like the movements of everyone around them.
Because LSVT BIG treatment is customized to each person's specific needs and goals, it can help regardless of the stage or severity of your condition. That said, the treatment may be most effective in early or middle stages of your condition, when you can both improve function and potentially slow further symptom progression. Beginning your work with LSVT BIG before you've noticed significant problems with balance, mobility or posture will often lead to the best results, but it's never too late to start. LSVT BIG can produce significant improvements even for people facing considerable physical difficulties.
Physical Therapists (PT) are movement experts trained to improve your quality of life through hands-on care, prescribed movements, and patient education. Together with our Physical Therapist Assistants (PTA), we treat patients of all ages and a wide variety of Orthopedic and Neurological conditions.
Physical Therapy intervention is designed to MAXIMIZE YOUR MOVEMENT. During your initial evaluation, your Physical Therapist will identify and diagnose movement problems. An INDIVIDUALIZED TREATMENTPLAN will then be developed to meet your individual needs, challenges, and goals. Your PT and PTA will help you improve your mobility, learn how to manage your chronic pain, help you recover from an injury, and learn how to prevent any future injuries or conditions. Your Physical Therapy team will EMPOWER YOU and encourage you to help you be an active participant in your care. Your Physical Therapy team will also work closely with your doctor and all other health care professionals to ensure you receive the best care possible. Additionally, Physical Therapy has been shown to help REDUCE THE NEED FOR OPIOIDS and also AVOID SURGERY. With a push by the CDC to reduce the prescription and use of opioids, patients are turning to Physical Therapy to learn how to manage their chronic pain. For some conditions, such as meniscus tears, rotator cuff tears, spinal stenosis, and degenerative disc disease, physical therapy has been found to be as effective as surgery. You can visit choosePT.com to learn more about how Physical Therapy can benefit you.
In the State of Arkansas, you are allowed direct access to Physical Therapy with provisions. What does this mean? Direct access means you do NOT need a referral from a physician to receive Physical Therapy. However, the only provisions for treatment that do require a referral from a physical are bronchopulmonary hygiene, debridement, and wound care. It is also important to check with your insurance to see if they require a referral from a physician before your insurance will cover the costs of your Physical Therapy care.